Anxiety and depressions are two terms that have often been used interchangeably but unknown to many, these nervous conditions actually have significant differences. In order to carefully understand them, it is important that we start by defining what each one of them is. So what is the difference between anxiety and depression?
Anxiety and Depression Defined
Anxiety can be defined as an apprehension over what is about to happen, ether in the near or the unforeseen future. It is mainly characterized by worried thoughts as well as a delusional thought that things could go awfully wrong. Individuals who have anxiety always have the inherent fears that they need to run and escape from situations they think might cause them further anxiety.
On the other hand, depression can be defined as the feeling of sadness about the future, as though it brings nothing but hopelessness and despondency. It is characterized by listlessness as well as sheer pessimism and while the worries may be little at the moment, there are fears as well as certainties of future negative emotions and on a graver scale, suicidal tendencies may be manifested by the depressed person.
It is also important to note that people who have suffered anxiety have a tendency to develop depression. This is due to the fact that repeated anxiety cases (whether successfully overcome or not) have a way of leaving one drained physically and mentally and the end result of this is a life full of despondency, which is typical of depression.
Aside from the mental differences, there are also physical differences between these two conditions. Generally, anxiety leads to fights or flight response symptoms such as sweating, shaking or feeling the need to flee a person or place. One may also notice physical symptoms that resemble health disorders especially where there is also an actual underlying health concern.
Lastly, anxious people often experience rapid heart rate accompanied by hyperventilation, bowel movement complications and any other ’hyper-energy’ causing symptoms. On the other hand, depression manifests physically as a severe lack of energy or drive, accompanied by weakness of the will which will often be seen in the manner the individual is slow to think and act. There may also be severe appetite changes, sleep disorders as well as headaches.
In conclusion, we can see that anxiety has more physical symptoms that depression but the mental symptoms of depression is what makes it a graver issue between the two. All in all, the necessary therapeutic interventions need to be sought regardless of which of the conditions one is going through for as we may be aware, they are both potentially destructive in their own rights.